日語翻譯有什么要點?

作者:管理員發布時間:2022-04-12 23:25:49瀏覽次數:88

  日語是現在很多人所選擇要學習的一種語言,日語和中文有很多相似之處,但是依然有很多事項需要注意,上海臻云翻譯公司帶大家了解日語翻譯有什么要點?

  Japanese is a language that many people choose to learn now. Japanese and Chinese have many similarities, but there are still many things to pay attention to. What are the key points of Japanese translation?

  在漢語中動詞在前,名詞在后,就像是中文中的“讀書”,“讀”是動詞,“書”是名詞,而在日語中,我們看到它會被寫作「本を読む.読書をする」,名詞在前,動詞在后。所以在進行日語翻譯的時候,我們要優先理解日語的語言結構,這也是我們進行翻譯最基礎的部分。

  In Chinese, the verb comes first and the noun comes later, just like "reading", "reading" is a verb and "book" is a noun in Chinese. In Japanese, we can see that it will be written as "Ben を. Shu を する". The noun comes first and the verb comes last. Therefore, when translating Japanese, we should give priority to understanding the language structure of Japanese, which is also the most basic part of our translation.

  學過日文就會發現,日語中的標點符號其實并不算多,也有和中文類似的標點,但每個標點符號所表示的意思和中文也不全然相同。比較明顯的是日文中的疑問句,僅在句末使用終助詞「か」來表達疑問,并不會給句子加上問號,還有在日語中的逗號是表示預期、強調,和在中文句子中的完結含義還是有一定的區別的。所以在進行日文翻譯時,一定要注意整篇段落和助動詞的使用等情況,來確定標點符號的用法。

  After studying Japanese, you will find that there are not many punctuation marks in Japanese, and there are punctuation marks similar to Chinese, but the meaning of each punctuation mark is not exactly the same as that in Chinese. It is obvious that Japanese interrogative sentences only use the final auxiliary word "か" at the end of the sentence to express the question, and do not add a question mark to the sentence. In addition, the comma in Japanese indicates expectation and emphasis, which is different from the ending meaning in Chinese sentences. Therefore, in Japanese translation, we must pay attention to the use of the whole paragraph and auxiliary verbs to determine the usage of punctuation.

  在進行日語翻譯的過程中,有的詞匯必須要嘗試了解當地的文化背景,身臨其境地去體會,才能夠準確地理解日語原文中的深層含義,才能夠理解到作者的想要表達的精髓。

  In the process of Japanese translation, some words must try to understand the local cultural background and experience it personally, so as to accurately understand the deep meaning of the Japanese original text and the essence of the author's expression.

  大家都知道日本受到股中國文化的影響,它的官方語言中就使用了大量的漢字,有部分的漢字只是繼承漢字的字形,和我們中文漢字的用法及含義其實并不一致,這些都是值得我們注意的。

  As we all know, Japan is influenced by Chinese culture. A large number of Chinese characters are used in its official language. Some Chinese characters only inherit the shape of Chinese characters, which is not consistent with the usage and meaning of our Chinese characters. These are worthy of our attention.

  因此在進行日語翻譯的時候,一定要注重這方面的區別,如果看不懂,一定要多問、查詢相關資料;在翻譯結束后,多檢查幾次,查漏補缺也是必要的。不過想要做好翻譯還是需要多下苦工,只有這樣才能翻譯出一篇完美的作品。

  Therefore, when translating Japanese, we must pay attention to the differences in this aspect. If we can't understand it, we must ask and query more relevant materials; After the translation, it is also necessary to check more times to find out the omissions and fill the gaps. However, if you want to do a good job in translation, you still need more hard work. Only in this way can you translate a perfect work.

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